The Bacterial Flagella Evolved not
Designed. In an article
published on-line 9/6/2006 in Nature Reviews
Microbiology (or see short summary),
Mark Pallen of the University of
Birmingham and Nicholas Matzke of
NCSE, review the evidence for
the evolution of the bacterial
flagellum. They handily
dismiss the need for any great
conceptual leaps in creating a model
of flagellar evolution and speculate
as to how an experimental program
focused on this topic might look.
Growing evidence that evolution is
not just real but is actually
still happening to humans today.
"From 1970 to 2000, the view was
that although natural selection is
very important, it is relatively
rare, That view was driven
largely because we did not have data
to identify the signals of natural
selection. In the last five years,
there has been a tremendous growth
in understanding how much selection
there is. Everywhere we look, there
appears to be very widespread
signals of natural selection in many
genes and many processes."
wrote Dr. Jonathan Pritchard, a
geneticist at the University of
Chicago, in a recent article in PLoS-Biology.
Our insight to evolution and natural
selection has deepened as we
have gained the ability to read the
Irreducible Complexity Refuted - By reconstructing ancient
genes from long-extinct animals,
scientists have for the first time
demonstrated the step-by-step
progression of how evolution created
a new piece of molecular machinery
by reusing and modifying existing
parts. The findings offer a
counterargument to doubters of
evolution who question how a
progression of small changes could
produce the intricate mechanisms
found in living cells. This
experiment refutes the notion of
A 375-million-year-old fish fossil with the beginnings of
legs - A large scaly creature not seen before, it
appears to be a long-sought missing link in the evolution of
some fishes from water to walking on land. The skeletons
have the fins, scales and other attributes of a giant fish.
It shows anatomical traits of a transitional creature, a
fish that is still a fish but has changes that anticipate
the emergence of land animals — and is thus a predecessor of
amphibians, reptiles and dinosaurs, mammals and eventually
humans. See also Shubin et al., Nature 440 (2006) 764-71
A Catholic Scientist and Priest Looks at Evolution - Father George V. Coyne, Vatican Observatory Director
and Jesuit, shares his convictions that (1) the
Intelligent Design (ID) movement, while evoking a God of
power and might, a designer God, actually belittles God,
makes her/him too small and paltry; (2) our scientific
understanding of the universe, untainted by religious
considerations, provides for those who believe in God a
marvelous opportunity to reflect upon their beliefs.
Breakthrough of the Year: Evolution in Action
is the foundation of all biology, so basic and
all-pervasive that scientists sometimes take its
importance for granted. At some level every
discovery in biology and medicine rests on it, in
much the same way that all terrestrial vertebrates
can trace their ancestry back to the first bold
fishes to explore land. Equipped with genome
data and field observations of organisms from microbes to mammals, biologists
made huge strides toward understanding the mechanisms by which living creatures
Inteligent Design is Religion according to the
(139 page PDF) in
Kitzmiller v. Dover. Judge John E.
Jones III concluded that, "The proper application of
both the endorsement and Lemon tests to the facts of
this case makes it abundantly clear that the Board's
ID Policy violates the Establishment Clause. In
making this determination, we have addressed the
seminal question of whether ID is science. We have
concluded that it is not, and moreover that ID
cannot uncouple itself from its creationist, and
thus religious, antecedents."
"IS IT SCIENCE YET?"
Matthew Brauer, Barbara Forrest, and Steven Gey
offer a definitive assessment of the legal issues
involved in the Dover Pennsylvania trial of
Kitzmiller v. Dover in their new law review article
published in the
Washington University Law Quarterly (2005; vol. 83,
no. 1). With almost 150 pages of closely
reasoned argument and almost 600 footnotes of
meticulous documentation, "Is it science yet?" is
sure to become the leading treatment of the
constitutionality of teaching "intelligent design"
for the foreseeable future.
Some August 2005 articles
devastating the intelligent design argument:
SHOW ME THE
SCIENCE. To date, Daniel Dennett says, the proponents of
ID have not produced anything. No
experiments or observations that undermine
evolution. Instead, the
proponents of ID misuse
scientist's work, then after an expected angry rebuttal,
they cite it as evidence of a
NY Times August 28th 2005
Cobb County Anti-Evolution Stickers: Let’s Get The
court Judge recently criticized the ruling made earlier
this year that ordered the removal of anti-evolution stickers
placed by the Cobb County school board in textbooks, saying that the words on the stickers are
They are not, and
they contain factual errors and misconceptions.
Dover PA - a contemporary Scopes trial 39 years
in the making. Chris Mooney describes how
ID theorists and other creationists don’t like what
the overwhelming body of science tells us about
where human beings come from. Their recourse? Trying
to interfere with the process by which children are
supposed to learn about the best scientific (as
opposed to religious) answer - interference
representing the epitome of
Online, Aug 10, 2005
Isn't Intelligent Design
'just' a theory? In fact, says Massimo Pigliucc it is worse:
intelligent design is not even a (scientific) theory, it's a
idea that used to have some philosophical valence in
pre-scientific times, but is clearly dead now. Ironically, ID is
"just' a theory" in the derogative sense reserved by
creationists for evolution. ID is a hunch of irreducibly
superstitious and insecure people who really can't stand the
thought of a universe where they are not the center of all
Scientists Refute the Theory of Gravity using a Corollary of of
Intelligent Design. "Intelligent Falling" asserts that the
theories used by secular physicists to explain gravity are not
internally consistent. Secular scientists admit that Einstein's
ideas about gravity are mathematically irreconcilable with
quantum mechanics. This fact, Intelligent Falling proponents
say, proves that gravitational theory is in crisis.....
More from The Oinion 8/17/05
Bush takes a hammering for
his remarks about evolution and intelligent design after
implying that "...both sides ought to be properly taught...".
As Glenn Branch of the NCSE stated, Bush would have done
better to heed his White House science adviser, John Marburger,
who has said that evolution was the 'cornerstone of modern
biology' and who has characterized ID as not even being a
scientific theory." ..... More
Dinosaur Fossil Embryos of
"Extreme Evolutionary Significance". Tiny fossil embryos
curled up inside a clutch of African dinosaur eggs nearly 200
million years old hint at a remarkable story of evolution,
scientists report -- the transformation of an early tribe of
plant-eating animals only a few feet long that became, over
millions of years, the largest animals ever to walk the
More from - SFGate 7/29/05
ID may as well stand for
Incompetent Design. "You
have a philosophic choice between evolution or belief in ID, so
called intelligent design. But even a first-year engineering
student would be embarrassed to have designed your lower
back....." More from Science,
Evolution at Work (and
creationism nowhere in sight) from The Loom by Carl Zimmer
shows how evolutionary trees and natural selection are at the
very core of a vitally important area of medical research in
understanding the road map for future research on the new strain
of HIV. More at
Newly discovered dinosaur
called 'evolution caught in the act' of dietary shift.
Fossil bones of a new tribe of feathered dinosaurs that died
by the hundreds 125 million years ago are giving scientists
fresh insights into the evolution of the lineage from fierce
carnivores to placid plant-eaters.
More from - SFGate 5/5/05
Evolution Sticker Shock
While there’s plenty of room for
adults to disagree on matters of religion or science, this
debate pits a minority of evangelical
believers in the literal word of the Creation against 150
years of scientifically
generated data. More at
12/16/04 The Seattle Times
Why It's Unconstitutional to Teach "Intelligent Design"
(Divine Design) in
the Public Schools -
Supreme Court precedent holds that state-sponsored attacks
on evolution in public schools are unconstitutional. Why,
then, are evolution opponents trying to change curricula? Aren't these efforts
doomed to fail when challenged in court, or are they just
More at.... http://writ.news.findlaw.com/dorf/20041222.html
In the September 2004 issue of Christianity Today, Editor John Wilson suggests
"intelligent design clean up its act",
he argues that
it's time for ID'ers "to
engage in constructive criticism of the Young Earth
view," and that If ID is going to claim pursuit of
scientific work, "it would be more becoming to do some
of the work first".
More at .... http://www.christianitytoday.com/ct/2004/009/24.62.html
Joy now reigns among some -- but fortunately not all --
citizens of Dover, Pa.
- The Dover Area School District board has leaped ahead in
the hot competition to be the leading contender in the world
series of scientific nonsense and the next school system
taken to court for teaching creationism.
An astounding find that may change the world of paleoanthropology, and challenges our perception of what it
means to be human.
A possible new species of tiny human has been discovered, which lived on
the remote Indonesian island of Flores just 18,000 years
ago. Researchers have so far unearthed remains from eight
individuals who were just one meter tall, with
grapefruit-sized skulls. These astonishing little people,
nicknamed 'hobbits', made tools, hunted tiny elephants and
lived at the same time as modern humans who were colonizing
of Tyrannosaurus rex discovered with clear impressions of
downy feathers from head to tail.
fossils from northeastern China provide the first direct
evidence that tyrannosaurs had protofeathers and support the
hypothesis that some dinosaurs evolved a feathery covering
to help them keep warm.
Xing Xu, et al. Nature, 2004, 431, 680-4
genomic-scale data offers powerful, unprecedented resolution of
the evolutionary tree.
The finding is
important because an accurate depiction of a tree of life promises
biologists a summary of the history of life on Earth during
billions of years
Rokas et al., Nature, 2003, 425, 798 - 804
Detail Evolution of Gene Related to Brain's Growth
that has been under intense Darwinian pressure
in the last few million years, changing its structure 15 times
since humans and chimps separated from their common ancestor.
of 160,000-year-old skulls fill gap in human evolution record
and support out-of-Africa theory.
A major discovery of 160,000-year-old "near-modern"
humans, the oldest humans yet found, shows a thickly muscled subspecies
of Homo sapiens and a wonderful confirmation of human evolution.
et al., Nature, 2003, 423, 742-747)
confirming example of co-evolution,
what Darwin first noticed during his famed voyage aboard the Beagle,
has been shown by two biologists studying the lives of hummingbirds
and flowers on Caribbean islands. A remarkable example of animals
and plants that evolve to meet each other's needs. (E.J.
Temeles & W.J. Kress, Science, 2003, 300,
Life Experiments That Show How Complex Functions Can Evolve
have been carried
out by an
interdisciplinary team of scientists at Michigan State and Caltech,
with the help of powerful computers. They have used a kind of
artificial life to create a road map detailing the evolution of
complex organisms. These findings show how complex functions can
originate by random mutation and natural selection.
Lenski, et al., Nature, 2003, 423, 139-144
of a four-winged, feathered dinosaur
that lived 128 million years ago in trees and glided
to earth to seize its prey have been unearthed in China, a find
that American scientists say could revolutionize the long debate
over the origin of flight in birds (Xing Xu, et al., Nature,
2003, 421, 335-340 ).
Study Suggests Missing Link that Explains How Dinosaurs Learned
to Fly" (Jan.17, 2003) - Two-legged dinosaurs
may have used their forelimbs as wing-like structures to propel
themselves rapidly up steep inclines long before they took to
the skies, reports a University of Montana researcher in the January
17 issue of the journal Science. The new theory adds a middle
step that may link two current and opposing explanations for how
reptiles evolved into flying birds.
Computers, Scientists Successfully Predict Evolution of E. Coli
14, 2002) - Rresearchers at the University of California at San
Diego have created a computer model that accurately predicts how
E. coli metabolic systems adapt and evolve when the bacteria are
placed under environmental constraints.
The Ice Core Record Beyond Half A Million Years"
(Nov. 5, 2002)
A new ice core being drilled by a consortium of European laboratories
has surpassed previous ages, and looks like its extending the
ice core record several hundred thousand years into the past.
Survey - Scientists Support Evolution, Reject"Intelligent
(Oct.11,2002) Ohio university scientists overwhelmingly view "intelligent
design" as religious, not scientific. Majority (93%) of scientist
were not aware of "any scientifically valid evidence or theory
challenging evolution/natural selection."